Fueling the future of mobility hydrogen and fuel cell. What is a fuelcell electric vehicle, and how does it work. As zeroemission vehicles zevs, hydrogenpowered fuel cell electric vehicles fcevs play a significant role in reducing californias greenhouse gas and smog emissions. Hydrogen fuel cell vehicle study june 12, 2003 a report prepared for the panel on public affairs popa, american physical society craig davis ford motor co. Fuel cell electric vehicles fcevs are powered by proton exchange. Pdf development of a proofofconcept hybrid electric. Fuel cell electric vehicle durability and fuel cell performance jennifer kurtz, sam sprik, genevieve saur, and shaun onorato national renewable energy laboratory suggested citation kurtz, jennifer, sam sprik, genevieve saur, and shaun onorato. The automobile industrys first productionversion hydrogenpowered fuel cell electric vehicle fcev in the united states was introduced by hyundai in june 2014. The first battery electric vehicles that will appear on the market are passenger cars in the lower car segments. As shown here, the extra weight to increase the range of the fuel cell. Articles you may be interested in active power control of direct current smart house using electric vehicles and controllable loads j.
A fuel cell vehicle fcv or fuel cell electric vehicle fcev is a type of electric vehicle which uses a fuel cell, instead of a battery, or in combination with a battery or supercapacitor, to power its onboard electric motor. Although its an electric vehicle, there is never a need to charge the car. Todays electric vehicles are almost exclusively powered by lithiumion batteries, but there is a long way to go before electric vehicles become dominant in the global automotive market. Pdf comparative analysis of battery electric, hydrogen fuel cell.
Is a hybrid, electric or hydrogen fuelcell vehicle right. Scenario for adoption of light duty hydrogen fuel cell vehicles in the us. There are also hybrid vehicles meaning that they are fitted with a fuel cell and a battery or a fuel cell and an ultracapacitor. Infographic that describes how fuel cell electric vehicles \fcevs\ work and some of the benefits of fcevs, such as how they reduce. Musk calls hydrogen fuel cells stupid, but tech may. This report specifically addresses the topics of driving range, fuel economy, drive and fill.
The widespread introduction of hydrogen fuel cell cars is a bad idea, writes zachary shahan, editor of. Fuel cell electric vehicles, battery electric vehicles. Currently, the fuelcell vehicle fcv and the battery electric vehicle bev are. In california, nearly 40 percent of all greenhouse gas ghg emissions come from transportation. Fuel cell electric vehicles and hydrogen infrastructure. Comparative analysis of battery electric, hydrogen fuel. Plugin hybrid electric vehicles are similar to battery electric vehicles. Fuel cell electric vehicle evaluations hydrogen and fuel.
Transitioning to cleaner fuel cell electric vehicles. As shown here, the extra weight to increase the range of the fuel cell ev is. Hydrogen fuel cell vehicle study american physical society. Fedex express hydrogen fuel cell extendedrange battery electric vehicles pi. Petrol and diesel powered passenger vehicles in the submini class, mini class and the compact class are compared with battery electric vehicles. How do fuel cell electric vehicles work using hydrogen. Fuel cell electric vehicle evaluation jennifer kurtz pi, sam sprik, chris ainscough, genevieve saur june 7, 2017. Fuel cell electric vehicles fcevs combine hydrogen stored in a tank with oxygen from the air to produce electricity, with water vapor as the byproduct.
It was in 18381839 when christian friedrich schonbein and sir william robert. Fuel cell electric vehicle durability and fuel cell. Fuel cell and battery electric vehicles both use electric drivetrains, but where battery electric vehicles. Cafcp and its members are growing the market for fuel cell electric vehicles and hydrogen fuel. Unlike fuel cell cars and trucks, battery electric vehicles can use existing infrastructure to recharge, but must be plugged in for extended periods of time. Is a hybrid, electric or hydrogen fuel cell vehicle right for you in 2019. Chapter nine fuel cell electric vehicles, battery electric vehicles, and their impact on energy storage technologies.
Automotive technology update hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles automotive technology update may 2019 table of contents page link 1 introduction 2 diesel engines 3 diesel fuel. Pdf fuel cell hybrid electric vehicles researchgate. Reva electric vehicle conversion to a hydrogen fuel cell powered. According to shahan, hydrogen fuel cell cars will never be able to compete with battery electric cars. Batteries and ultracapacitors for electric, hybrid, and. This report specifically addresses the topics of driving range, fuel. Roadshow s ultimate guide to the wide world of hybrids, plugins, evs and more. Simulation results indicate the equivalent fuel economy of the fuel cell powered vehicles is 23 times higher than that of a gasoline fueled ic vehicle.
Opportunities and challenges facing fuel cell electric vehicles. Optimum battery size for fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle part i this study explores different hybridization levels of a midsized vehicle powered by a polymer electrolyte membrane fuel cell stack. Carbs most recent advanced clean cars program builds upon the zev regulation in place since 1990, and encourages rapid increases in deployment of zev technologies, such as hydrogen fuel cell and battery electric vehicles. Executive officer william clay ford jr our companies have made significant progress. Fcvs look like conventional vehicles but use cutting edge technologies. Bill fay with the world green car award at the new york international auto show march 24, 2016. Fuel cells in vehicles generate electricity to power the motor, generally using oxygen from the air and compressed hydrogen. Senate bill will be passed or declined in september 20. Pdf this paper compares battery electric vehicles bev to hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles fcev and hydrogen fuel cell plugin hybrid. Fedex express hydrogen fuel cell extendedrange battery.
Ab 8 also directed the energy commis sion and california air resources board arb to conduct a series of annual assessments. Government incentives for electric vehicles bevs and phevs. Fuel cell vehicles fcvs are now for sale or lease in the united states although availability is limited to areas with an adequate number of hydrogen refueling stations. A fuel cell vehicle fcv, such as the clarity fuel cell, is a longrange all electric vehicle that uses a fuel cell stack to create electricity on demand. Another 20 stations are in development to become open retail in california. Other automakers plan to bring more models to market over the next few years. California fuel cell partnership releases vision of fuel. Fuel cell electric vehicle deployment and hydrogen fuel. Why hydrogen fuel cell cars cant compete with electric cars. Diesel fuel additives are available from vehicle manufacturers, engine suppliers and aftermarket sources to combat water contamination, fuel. This paper compares battery electric vehicles bev to hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles fcev and hydrogen fuel cell plugin hybrid vehicles fchev. Automotive technology update hydrogen fuel cell electric.
Fuel cell electric vehicle evaluation us department of. Fuel economy estimates and other information are provided below. This bill would also modify the phaseout period, and extend the credit for qualified fuel cell motor vehicles through december 31, 2028. Fuel cell electric vehicle driving and fueling behavior. Hydrogen fueling infrastructure california air resources. Current status of hybrid, battery and fuel cell electric. It comprehensively presents vehicle performance, configuration, control strategy, design.
Nrels technology validation team analyzes hydrogen fuel cell electric vehicles fcevs operating in a realworld setting to identify the current status of the. Batteries and fuel cells for emerging electric vehicle. Automakers have been selecting hybrid electric vehicles hevs, which combine an internal combustion engine and electric motors, as one way of improving fuel. Pdf finally, the range extender configuration is characterized by a small size fuel cell used like on board batteries recharge. Optimum battery size for fuel cell hybrid electric vehicle. The book deals with the fundamentals, theory, and design of conventional cars with internal combustion engines ices, electric vehicles evs, hybrid electric vehicles hevs, and fuel cell vehicles fcvs. Jim motavalli photo the h2gurus have been commissioned by toyota to produce editorially independent articles about topics related to hydrogen and fuel cell vehicles. In this cutaway view of the 2019 honda clarity fuel cell, the fuel cell stack is visible up front, the hydrogen tank can be seen behind the rear seat, and the battery that transfers the electric current to the drive wheels is located beneath the vehicle. Bev power their motors solely with batteries, fuel cell electric vehicles fcev.
California assembly bill 8, which allocates funding for hydrogen stations and requires progress. We have the first 5,000 passenger cars on the road more than anywhere else in the world and 17 years and 4 million miles of operational experience with fuel cell electric. In contrast to other electric vehicles, fcevs produce electricity using a fuel cell powered by hydrogen, rather than drawing electricity from only a battery. The stack converts hydrogen gas stored onboard with oxygen from the air into electricity, which powers the vehicles electric. The fueling capacity of this network, once all stations are open, will be nearly 24,500 kilograms per day, enough to support nearly 35,000 fuel cell electric. For years, toyota has been betting on hydrogen fuel cell over battery electric vehicles for its zeroemission vehicle strategy. Fuel cell electric vehicle durability and fuel cell performance.
This presentation does not contain any proprietary. Gm said last year it would add 20 new battery electric and fuel cell vehicles to its global lineup by 2023, financed by robust profits from traditional internal combustion engine vehicles in the. It put the japanese automaker behind in the electric transition in. Ab 8 assembly bill 8 perea, chapter 401, statutes of 20 amex american express arb california air resources board ahj authority having jurisdiction arfvtp alternative and renewable fuel and vehicle technology program bev battery electric vehicle cafcp california fuel cell. How clean are hydrogen fuel fact sheet cell electric. California has shown success with fuel cell electric vehicles, including passenger vehicles and buses, said bill elrick, executive director of cafcp. Currently, the fuelcell vehicle fcv and the battery electric vehicle bev are the only potential zev replacements of the internal combustion engine, however, no studies have directly. Fuel cell and battery electric vehicles both use electric drivetrains, but where battery electric vehicles bev power their motors solely with batteries, fuel cell electric vehicles fcev are hybrids, powered by a hydrogen fuel cell with a small battery. Sb 1505 senate bill 1505 lowenthal, chapter 877, statutes of 2006. For hicev see list of hydrogen internal combustion engine vehicles. Modern electric, hybrid electric and fuel cell vehicles.1334 13 623 1155 965 30 667 1340 1277 1082 894 201 297 843 839 957 1099 937 1416 279 364 1560 468 779 96 434 408 93 265 1306 182 907 1293 547 54 1026 1052 422 1357 1117 351 134 839